There is a huge body of research literature on gender issues, a considerable proportion of which is devoted to understanding the role of gender in science, but this knowledge is scattered across many different journals and reports.  We have created an essential collection of recent empirical studies as part of the genSET project, and these examples can be easily accessed in the Downloads section of the genSET website.  Our collection keeps on growing, and the plan is that it will become accommodated within the new portal that will be created as part of the new genPORT project, where Portia is a member of the Consortium. Below we highlight key summary reports that Portia has been involved in, which provide an entry points for non-experts in the field, whose work may be affected by or benefit from being aware of the impact that gender issues can have in science.


Portia OECD reportGender in Science and innovation as component of inclusive socioeconomic growth

The purpose of this report is to show how and why scientific understanding of biological and sociocultural (sex-gender) differences between women and men can enhance success of innovation policies that seek to promote socioeconomic advancements through science and technology. The report introduces the concept of gendered innovation and shows how it relates to innovation conceived as a process of creating improvements over current practice, achieved through the exploitation of advances in knowledge, and resulting in new goods and services, and new ways of supplying existing goods and services.The report introduces the concept of gendered innovation and shows how it relates to innovation conceived as a process of creating improvements over current practice, achieved through the exploitation of advances in knowledge, and resulting in new goods and services, and new ways of supplying existing goods and services.


The Role of Gender-based Innovations for the UN Sustainable Development Goals: Toward 2030: Better Science and Technology for All

This report points to gender-based scientific solutions for all 17 of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). But what is a “gender-based innovation”, and how can it help a country develop? A gendered innovation is any product or knowledge created with sex and gender taken into consideration. Bearing in mind the female half of the population when conducting research may seem obvious. But, astoundingly, “male” has too often been considered the norm in STEMM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics and Medicine) to date. Think of using only male mice for drug laboratory testing; think of using only male proportions for car safety crash test dummies; or think of using the “model man” for setting radiation exposure standards. These are just some examples where women have suffered because of gender bias in research. Unfortunately science for development – or “sustainability science” is no exception.

CFISCreating Futures In Science A scenario-building workshop for early career stage female  researchers

Creating Futures in Science takes a holistic approach by bringing together four key areas of a scientist's career: the institution that employs them and any job-specific issues; the research output and impact they are expected to produce; the engagement and recognition by the scientific community; and personal belief, attitudes and circumstances. Institutions use the workshop to help women scientists navigate the complex relationships between events and decisions that shape a scientist's professional development through the doctoral and postdoc stages. This approach moves beyond traditional mentorship to provide an innovative new strategy for improving the career success of female scientists and engineers.

From Ideas to Markets: the Gender Factor report coverFrom Ideas to Markets: the Gender Factor

In this, first-of-a-kind report, you will find a selection of examples from science and engineering showing how the gender dimension can be integrated in research and in innovation, and become a source of new applications for science knowledge, promoting economic growth and social advancement. Past policies have often excluded women from scientific studies and, consequently, the ‘male’ as the norm has dominated research content until very recently. Many examples of gender bias in research process and in engineering have now been identified, and we are much more aware what the consequences for the reliability of science knowledge base are when there is far less evidence available for women than there is for men. For example, our understanding of environmental toxic effects is based mostly on studies that excluded females, producing gaps in toxicokinetic models relating to the exposure and susceptibility to chemical risk for women throughout their lives. It is perhaps not surprising that of the 10 prescription drugs withdrawn from the market in the US during 1997-2000, eight were more dangerous to women than to men, with four significantly so.


tableExamples of effective interventions addressing common barriers to women’s advancement in STEM careers

This table compiles example of recent interventions addressing common barriers to women's full participation in STEM across different areas.  Included are examples of what really works in academic promotion, in participation in innovation, in returning to labour markets, in making excellent women visible, in supporting early stage career decisions, in changing organisational structures, and how leaders can drive transformative change.

GS3 NA roadmapDiversity Fueling Excellence in Research and Innovation: A Roadmap for Action for North America

This Roadmap for Action for North America, which emerged from the participation of a diverse group of national and international experts and stakeholders at the Gender Summit, demonstrates through evidence the need for action, lays out what actions to take with commitment shared among the relevant sectors and organizations to implement them, and serves as a model for developing similar roadmaps in other regions. It is hoped that this roadmap will result in positive and lasting change towards greater diversity in the STEM workforce and leadership and greater inclusion of the “gender dimension” in research content and process.

manifestoManifesto for Integrated Action on the Gender Dimension in Research and Innovation

This Manifesto represents views of individuals working in the European science system on the actions needed to enhance research and innovation by addressing gender equality issues.  Each action distils the collective responses to questions asked in the online public consultation conducted by genSET in conjunction with the 1st European Gender Summit.

 A-zA - Z of Why Gender Matters in R&D

This two page documents gives examples ranging from A - Z of how gender interacts with R&D. This myriad of examples give an excellent overview, supported by empirical evidence, of how gender impacts excellence. The examples cover a range of levels from participation to subjects of research. A - Z of Why Gender Matters in R&D. *UPDATE*:The second edition of the A-Z guide is now available for download here.

consensus reportThe Consensus Report: Recommendations for Action on the Gender Dimension in Science

Between March and June 2010, three genSET Consensus Seminars brought together 14 European science leaders to share knowledge and experience and arrive at a consensus view on the gender dimension in science and on the priorities for gender action in scientific institutions. This document contains the Consensus Report of 13 recommendations of the Science Leaders Panel, information on genSET and detail on the Consensus Seminar Process and how this differs from traditional Consensus Conferences. You can download all the references of the Report from the genSET website.

BN1Briefing Notes 1 How can European science benefit from integrated action on gender?

The Science Leaders Panel were provided with this document before the first Consensus Seminar. The aim of this Briefing Note is to provide a summary compilation of the recent gender research findings and recommendations as an overview of the wide range of issues that contribute to the gender dimension in science. The purpose is to help spark-off the discussion and provide a starting point for reflection. You can download all the references of the Notes from the genSET website.

BN2Briefing Notes Supplement 

The Science Leaders Panel were given this Briefing Notes Supplement before the second Consensus Seminar. It provides additional research evidence in support of the themes and questions emerging from the 1st Consensus Seminar. Like the original Briefing Notes, it is meant to foster discussion and reflection, rather than give a comprehensive critical review of the field of research into gender questions within the science knowledge production. You can download all the references of the Notes from the genSET website.

ISRSpecial Issue of Interdisciplinary Science Reviews on Gender and Science

A special issue of the Interdisciplinary Science Review, "Gender in Science" is available from Maney Publishing. You can read the editorial and Table of Contents here. Contributors to the Special Issue included members of the genSET Science Leaders Panel and genSET Gender Experts.  You can preview the content and read the editorial here.

structural changeStructural change in research institutions: Enhancing excellence, gender equality and efficiency in research and innovation

Dr Elizabeth Pollitzer, was a member of the panel of experts that produced, Expert Report to the European Commission "Structural change in research institutions: enhancing excellence, gender equality and efficiency in research and innovation". Based on recent scientific findings and research practices, this report provides the analysis needed to take action and points to good practices in research institutions which attract and promote women in research and innovation. You can download the report here.

gensetgenSET documents and references

Over 100 references about gender and STEM R&D&I are available on the genSET website, along with project publications, presentations from workshops and conferences and more.

External Publications

There is important work taking place across the world. Here are some key resources we recommend and give an insight into the current policy environment with regards to gender and sceince. 

She Figures 2015She Figures 2015

She Figures publication is the main source of pan‑European, comparable statistics on the state of gender equality in research and innovation. It covers a wide range of themes, including the  proportions of women and men amongst top‑level graduates, academic staff and research boards, the working conditions for women  and men researchers, the integration of the gender dimension in  the content of peer‑reviewed scientific articles, and various indicators measuring gender gaps in the scientific and innovation outputs.  Released every three years since 2003, the report provides a key evidence base for policies in this area. It is recommended reading for policy‑makers, researchers and anybody with a general interest in these issues.

no more excusesNO MORE EXCUSES! Leading women in science

In the last years, the AcademiaNet database has grown considerably: now you will find the profiles of more than 2000 excellent female researchers from all parts of Europe, and beyond. In 2014, the Robert Bosch Stiftung (foundation) published the brochure "No more excuses!", meaning that there are no more excuses not to invite female keynote speakers to a conference, for instance, because nobody can claim "I didn't know there were female researchers in this field" anymore.


Gendered research and innovation: intergrating sex and Gender analysis into the research process

The League of European Research Universities (LERU) analyses the role of gender and sex analysis in research and innovation (R&I), arguing that it needs to be better integrated into R&I funding, content and implementation process. Gendered research and innovation (GRI) is an under-recognised issue: it is unfamiliar, not practiced, or not well integrated into the design of the research, save some significant exceptions, for example in biomedical research. Universities need to hear this: the university leadership needs to put this on the agenda within the university and with others outside the university with whom they interact. Researchers, who may or may not be aware of this issue, need to be informed so they can assess whether or not GRI is important in their research and act accordingly. The paper shows how LERU universities and researchers are dealing with GRI.

vademecum H2020Vademecum on Gender Equality in Horizon 2020

The purpose of this Vademecum is to  provide the Commission/ Agency staff ,  potential applicants, the Hels inki Group, NCPs, as well as  experts’ evaluators and other actors involved in the implementation of Horizon 2020 with  practical guidance  on the effective application of the new Gender Equality provisions. This means integrating Gender Equality issues at each stage of the research cycle: from programming through implementation, monitoring and programme evaluation. This document, and the policy direction it describes, was a critical progress step into fully utilising the European Commission's research funding programme, Horizon 2020, capability to addect change.